The Academic Writing module of IELTS consists of two tasks.
Task 1: Describe a diagram
Time: 20 mins. Words: 150
In this task, you are shown a diagram or set of data and you have to write a short report identifying the main features and making comparisons where relevant.
The chart below shows Internet use at Redwood Secondary School, by sex, from 1995 to 2002.
Write a report for a university professor on the main features of the chart and make comparisons where relevant.
Other examples of IELTS Writing Task 1: A table showing accident statistics; A line graph comparing sales at four companies; Two maps showing a town’s development over 30 years; Several diagrams showing different models of bicycle.
Task 2: Discursive essay
Time: 40 mins. Words: 250
In this task, you have to write about your opinion on a particular issue, or about both sides of an argument. The question will make it clear which approach you should take.
It is widely believed that people’s ability to learn new things decreases with age and that companies should actively recruit younger employees who have greater potential to learn.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this opinion?
Other topics covered in IELTS Writing Task 2 may include: education, health, technology, work, or the media. Sensitive topics such as politics or religion are avoided.
You do NOT need any special knowledge of these issues, only the ability to present ideas in a logical format with clear links and an appropriate style of language for academic discourse.
Typically, you will write a four- or five-paragraph essay beginning with an introduction and ending with a conclusion.
In IELTS Writing, Task 2 is more important than Task 1, so you should spend more time on Task 2.